and Art History
When reviewing these resources, keep in mind that approaches to the environment vary considerably and don't necessarily approach sustainable practice or a quality relationship with the environment. For example, though "land art" in the 1960's and 1970's was motivated by revolution against established art practice, it was typically working with an old paradigm of the earth as a manipulatable "object".
Art and Art History: Books: 2010-2013
Boetzkes, Amanda. The Ethics of Earth Art. Minneapolis; London : University of Minnesota Press, 2010.
Introduction: At the Limit of Form; Contemporary Art and the Nature of Site ; Spiral Jetty: Allegory and Recovery of the Elemental; Ecotechnology and the Receptive Surface ; The Body as Limit ; Conclusion: Facing the Earth Ethically.
B&W images throughout; bibliographic notes, index.
James, Franke. Banned on the Hill: A True Story about Dirty Oil and Government Censorship. The James Gang, 2013. (e-book also available by June 2013)
Toronto environmental writer, artist and activist's exposé on how the Canadian federal government retracted promised funding and pressured the shutdown of a European traveling exhibition of her work illustrating her views on climate change and the development of Alberta's tar sands.
Where to order the book:
A Franke discussion: How one artist fought back when the feds tried to shut her up
The Guardian (US edition):
Banned on the Hill 17 May, 2013
Hugo, Pieter. Permanent Error. Munich : Prestel Art, 2011
Striking photographs of Agbogloshie techno-dump wasteland on the outskirts of Accra, Ghana’s capital by photographer Pieter Hugo. Cattle, children, men, women, and e-waste coexist. E-trash is dumped here from across the globe where it is hammered and/or burned in a toxic attempt to recycle.
Hundertwasser: The Art of the Green Path/Die Kunst des Grunen Weges. Andreas Hirsch, ed. for the Kunst Haus Wien. Munich, London, New York: Prestel, 2011.
Land Art Generator Initiative (Robert Ferry & Elizabeth Monoian) a field guide to renewable energy technologies.Singapore: Page One Publishing, 2012. (Feb 2012, 1st edition).
Available for downloard in pdf format at www.landartgenerator.org.
Land Art Generator Initiative (Robert Ferry & Elizabeth Monoian) Regenerative Infrastructures: Freshkills Park, NYC. Prestel Verlag and Society for Cultural Exchange: Munich, London, New York, 2013.
Selection of submissions for the 2012 Land Art Generator Initiative ideas competition for Freshkills Park (formerly Fresh Kills Landfill).
Includes an historic timeline of Fresh Kills, essays, illustrations of projects and project descriptions.
Land Art Generator Initiative (LAGI: Robert Ferrry & Elizabeth Monoian) and UAE, United Arab Emirates.The Time is Now: Public Art of the Sustainable City. Singapore: Page One Publishing, 2012.
Documents the 2010 LAGI international competition of artists' concepts for large scale "clean energy" urban installations.Winning entries, a selection of proposals from the competion, jury profiles and glossary. Essays:
Monoian and Ferry. Foreward; Beth Carruthers. Possible Worlds; Michiel van Raaij. The Art Underneath Technology; Prof. Reuben S. Andrews. Epilogue.
Marsching, Jane and Andrea Polli, eds. Far Field: Digital Culture, Climate Change and the Poles. . Bristol, UK ; Chicago, USA : Intellect, 2012.
Murray, Robin L. and Joseph K. Huemann. That's All Folks? Ecocritical Readings of American Animated Features. Lincoln and London: University of Nebraska Press, 2011.
Introduction: A Foundation for Contemporary Enviro-toons/
Bambi and Mr Bug Goes to Town: Nature with or without Us/ Animal Liberation in the 1940s and 1950s: What Disney Does for the Animal Rights Movement/ The UPA and the Environment: A Modernist Look at Urban Nature/ Animation and Live Action: A Demonstration of Interdependence?/ Rankin/Bass Studios, Nature and the Supernatural: Where Technology Serves and Destroys/ Disney in the 1960s and 1970s: Blurring Boundaries between Human and Non-Human Nature/ Dinosaurs Return: Evolution Outplays Disney's Binaries/ Dream Works and Human and Non-Human Ecology: Escape or Interdependence in Over the Hedge and the Bee Movie/ Pixar and the Case of WALL-E: Moving Between Environmental Adaptation and Sentimental Nostalgia/ The Simpsons Movie, Happy Feet and Avatar: The Continuing Influence of Human, Organismic, Economic, and Chaotic Approaches to Ecology/ Conclusion: Animation's Movement to Green?
Filmography; bibliography of works cited; index.
The New Earthwork: Art Action Agency. Twylene Moyer and Glenn Harper, eds. Vol. 4 from the series, Perspectives on Contemporary Sculpture. Hamilton, New Jersey: ISC Press; Seattle, WA : Distributed by University of Washington Press, 2011.
Learning for Sustainability in Times of Accelerating Change. Arjen E.J. Wals and Peter Blaze Corcoran, eds. 2012.
See: Natalia Eernstman, Jan van Boeckel, Shelley Sacks and Misha Myers, Inviting the Unforeseen: A Dialogue About Art, Learning and Sustainability. (Part 2: Chapter 12).
Transdisciplinary contributions on education and it's role in creating a sustainable planet. Part 1: Reorienting Science and Society, Part 2: Reconnecting People and Planet; Part 3: Reimagining Education and Learning.
O'Rourke, Karen. Walking and Mapping: Artists as Cartographers. Cambridge, Mass.; London (Leonardo Book series) 2013.
The philosophy and practice of walking and mapping explored through global contemporary artists of performance, dance, writing, visual, sound arts, electronics, cinema and video. Focus is on works the author/scholar personally observed/experienced.
Main chapters: Psychogeography: The Politics of Applied Pedestrianism; A Form of Perception or a Form of Art? A Map, No Directions; Directions But No Map; When Walking Becomes Mapping: Labyrinths, Songlines; Lines Made by Walking; Hybrid Datascapes; Envisioning Space and Time; Walking the Network; Mapping "Way Through".
Weintraub, Linda. To Life: Eco Art in Pursuit of a Sustainable Planet. Berkeley, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press. 2012.
A survey and study guide to 20th and 21st century artistic approaches to the living environment. Online components @ http://lindaweintraub.com/tolife include a table of contents, index of artists, and teaching guides.
Xin Wu. Patricia Johanson and the Reinvention of Public Environmental Art, 1958-2010. Surrey, England; Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013.
A scholarly survey and in-depth analysis of how the work of public art pioneer Patricia Johanson evolved from a primarily visual and conceptual landscape design approach to a focus on the co-existance of human and other-than-human nature and "living energy" systems.
Contents: Transformation: From Painting to Sculpture, 1958-1968; The Invention of Form: House & Garden Commission, 1969; Translating the Order of Nature; Garden Metamorphoses, 1975-1985; Functionality Into Public Space; "The Garden of Art" in Garden Cities.
Art and Art History: Books: 2000-2009
Pattern Language: An association of people from all walks of life. with architects
and builders we are rebuilding our neighborhoods.
slowly rebuilding the earth.
Web site of the much respected and prolific
author, philosopher and architect listing his publications to date and other projects and insights.
Research and writings pursue sustainable living, humane architecture and wholeness thinking.
Luminous Ground (2004 ) is his his most recent book on architecture, philosophy and cosmology,
one of the Nature of Order series begin in 2002 and published by Alexander's Center for Environmental Structure,
Andrews, Max. Land Art: A Cultural Ecology Handbook. London : RSA : Arts Council England, 2006.
Beardsley, John. Earthworks and Beyond. New York: Abbeville Press, 4th ed., 2006.
(other editions published in 1984, 1989, 1998)
Becker, Carol. Surpassing the Spectacle: Global Transformations and the Changing Politics of Art. Lanham, Boulder, New York and Oxford: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2002.
An anthology of essays published within a 5-year period in the author's search for transcending human ambivalence with the reintegration of art as a way to "reestablish meaning for seriously compromised words such as humane and accountability...". The author is inspired by Guy Debord's Society of the Spectacle (..."The spectacle isn't the world of vision, it is is the vision of the world permeated by the powers of domination...") as a taking off point for the discussion, with post-9/11 commentary included just before the book was about to go to press. Of note is a chapter on Art and Ecology ( the integration of art into life and critical for survival).
Boettger, Suzaan. Earthworks : Art and the Landscape of the Sixties. Berkeley :
University of California Press, 2002.
Brookner, Jackie. Urban Rain: Stormwater as Resource: A City of San Jose Pubilc Art Project at Roosevelt Community Center. Pt. Reyes Station, CA: ORO Editions, 2009.
Table of Contents : Introduction / Barbara Goldstein -- Stormwater matters / Melody Tovar -- Shades of green / Jonathan Hartman -- Urban rain / Jackie Brookner -- Community and ecology -- The project -- Roots of an ecological art -- Project development -- Fabrication and installation -- Opening day -- To give the appearance / Patricia C. Phillips -- Optimism and the future of water infrastructure / Franco Montalto.
Durham, Jimmie and Alves, Maria Thereza. "Expanding Confusions: Native Americans and Ecology" in American Visions=Visiones de las Americas: Artistic Identity in the Western Hemisphere. New York: ACA Books in association with Arts International: Allworth Press, 1994.
Art in Environmental Design : Theory and Practice. Initiated by Herman Prigann ; edited by Heike Strelow in co-operation with Vera David.
Basel ; Boston : Birkhäuser, 2004.
Table of contents: Jochen Boberg. About the rebirth of a world view -- Heike Strelow. A dialogue with ongoing processes -- Massimo Venturi Ferriolo. Landscape ethics -- Jale Erzen. Ecology, art, ecological aesthetics -- Vera David . Poetic spaces -- Herman Prigann. Prologue--thoughts about nature -- Amy Lipton und Patricia Watts. Ecoart : ecological art -- Alfio Bonanno, Jackie Brookner, Susan Leibowitz Steinman. Materials -- Peter Finke. On the heritage of nature in culture -- dialogue between Jacques Leenhardt and Herman Prigann. Ecological aesthetics or aesthetic ecology -- Udo Weilache. Ecological aesthetics in landscape architecture today? -- Jörg Dettmar. Ecological and aesthetic aspects of succession on derelict industrial sites -- Werner Schenkel. The metabolism of a society and its aesthetic design -- Timothy Collins. Towards an aesthetic of diversity -- Herman Prigann. Art and science : perspectives and ways of an ecological aesthetic -- Marta González del Tánago and Diego García de Jalón. Ecological aesthetics of river ecosystem restoration -- Malcolm Miles. Aesthetics and engagement : interested interventions -- Herman Prigann. Integrative conversion : the TERRA NOVA project -- Hildegard Kurt. Aesthetics of sustainability -- Klaus Töpfer. Art and ecology : from the point of view of cultural politics.
Engler, Mira. Designing America's Waste Landscapes. Baltimore and London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2004.
Landscape architect and scholar examines waste landscapes in America in historic and cultural contexts. Table of Contents: Contemplating Waste: Theories and Constructs; Private Landscapes of Waste; Public Landscapes of Waste: Dumps: Centers of Waste Treatment, Research and Education, Waste Recycling/ Reuse Instititions: Places of Material Transactions and Resource Parks, Sewage Treatment Plants: Wastewater Gardens; Challenges for Thought and Action.
Green, Charles. The Third Hand: Collaboration in Art from Conceptualism to Postmodernism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2001.
Theoretical and documentary, an examination of selected artistic collaborations from the late 1960's to the early 1980's (land art, fieldwork, performance, sculpture and installation, conceptualism...) in a move from "the simple paradigm of the single lone artist." Divided into three parts: Collaboration as Administration, Collaboration Anonymity and Partnership, and Collaboration and the Third Hand.
Contents include: Art by Long Distance: Joseph Kosuth. Conceptual Bureaucracy: Ian Burn, Mel Ramsden, and Art and Language. Memory, Ruins, and Archives: Boyle family. Memory Storage: Anne and Patrick Poirier. Memory and Ethics: Helen Mayer Harrison and Newton Harrison. Negotiated Identity: Christo and Jeanne-Claude. Eliminating Personality: Gilbert & George. Missing in Action: Marina Abramovic and Ulay. Doubles, Doppelgängers, and the Third Hand.
Grande, John K. Art Nature Dialogues: Interviews with Environmental Artists. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2004
The author interviews some well-known artists who work in the environment or with the environment as a theme. Artists works are illustrated by some good black and white photographs. Table of contents:David Nash, Real Living Art-- Patrick Dougherty, Yardworking-- Gilles Bruni and Marc Barbarit, Eco-Habitat-- Jerilea Zempel, Ephemeral Public Art-- Alfio Bonanno, In Nature's Eyes-- Doug Buis, Mechanical Botanical-- Michael Singer, Designing with Nature-- The Vegetal (and Mineral) World(s) of Bob Verschueren. -- Nils-Udo. Nature Visions-- Mario Reis, Riverwork-- Bill Vazan, Cosmological Shadows-- Hamish Fulton, No Walk, No Work!-- Egil Martin Kurdøl, The Spike-- Betty Beaumont, Culture Nature Catalyst-- Alan Sonfist, Natural Cultural-- Peter von Tiesenhausen, Ship of Life-- Reinhard Reitzenstein, Earth in Context-- Ursula von Rydingsvard, Earthbound Mystery-- Mike MacDonald, Healing Gardens-- Herman de Vries, chance and change-- Chris Drury, The Heart of the Matter..
Harlan, Volker. Mathew Barton and Shelley Sacks, trans. What is Art? Conversation with Joseph Beuys. East Sussex: Clairview Books, 2004.
Inventing for the Environment. Arthur Molella and Joyce Bedi, eds. Cambridge, Mass and London in association with the Lemelson Center Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C., 2003.
Forward by Eric Lemelson/ Introduciton by Thomas Lovejoy
ON NATURE AND TECHNOLOGY: Tempered Dreams - Richard White; The Tool That is More: An Inquiry into Fire, The Original Promethean Invention- Stephen J. Pyne.
WHAT ROLE DOES INNOVATION PLAY IN URBAN LANDSCAPES? Inventing Nature in Washington, D.C.- Timothy Davis; Bioliteracy, Bioparks, Urban natural History, and Enhancing Urban Environments- Michael H. Robinson; Portrait of Innovation: Jon C. Coe- Martha Davidson,
HOW DO INNOVATIONS IN CITY PLANNING SHAPE THE ENVIRONMENT: Environmental Planning for National Regeneration: Techno-Cities in New Deal America and Nazi Germany- Arthur Molella and Robert Kargon; Prospects and Retrospect: The City of Hundertwasser and Soleri- Harry Rand (w/ statement by Soleri); Portrait of Innovation: Erick Valle- Martha Davidson.
HOW DO INNOVATIONS IN ARCHITECTURE AFFECT THE ENVIRONMENT? Straw-bale building: Using an Old Technology to Preserve the Environment- Kathryn Henderson; The Wimberley House of Healing- Marley Porter; Portrait of Innovation: David Hertz- Martha Davidson.
HOW ARE TECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION, PUBLIC HEALTH, AND THE ENVIRONMENT RELATED? How Bad Theory Can Lead to Good Technology: Water Supply and Sewerage in the Age of Miasmas- Martin V. Melosi; Clean Water for the World- Ashok Gadgil; Portrait of Innovation: Devra Lee Davis- Martha Davidson.
HOW CAN INNOVATIONS IN ALTERNATIVE ENERGY SOURCES AFFECT THE ENVIRONMENT? Reducing Automobile Emissions in Southern California: The Dance of Public Policies and Technological Fixes- Rudi Volti; Negawatts, Hypercards, and Natural Capitalsim- Amory Lovins; Portrait of Innovation: Subhendu Guha- Martha Davidson.
HOW ARE THE PRINCIPALS OF INDUSTRIAL ECOLOGYAPPLIED TO BENEFIT THE ENVIRONMENT? Industrial Ecology and the Transformation of Corporate Envrionmental Management: A Business Historian's Perspective- Christine Meisner Rosen; Industrial Ecology- Braden Allenby; Portrait of Innovation: Robert H. Socolow- Martha Davidson.
CONCLUSION: THE NEW ENVIRONMENTALISM- Roderick Nash with Martha Davidson.
Bibliographic notes throughout; index.
Kelley, Caffyn. Art and Survival : Patricia Johanson's Environmental Projects. Salt Spring Island, B.C. : Islands Institute, 2006.
Survey of the work of Johanson (1940- ) public art pioneer who increasingly incorporated ecological considerations in her large scale public landscape works; introduction by Lucy Lippard. See also a later comprehensive analysis of her work by Xin Wu, Patricia Johanson and the Reinvention of Public Art, 1958-2010. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 2013.
Kagan, Sacha. Sustainabilty: A New Frontier for the Arts and Cultures. Frankfurt am Main :Vas Verlag Fur Akademisch, 2008.
King, Elaine A., Levin, Gail, eds. Ethics in the Visual Arts. New York : Allworth Press, 2006.
Essays in this anthology directly related to art and the environment:
Earthworks' Contingencies by Suzanne Boettger http://www.academia.edu/485847/_Earthworks_Contingencies_
Art Enters the Biotechnology Debate : Questions of Ethics by Ellen K. Levy
Kwon, Miwon. One Place After Another : Site-specific Art and Locational Identity. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2002
A critical history of site-specific art beginning in the 1960's and exploring "the complex cipher of the unstable relationship
between location and identity in the era of late capitalism."
McDonough, William and Michael Braungart. Cradle to Cradle: Remaking the Way We Make Things. New York : North Point Press, 2002.
Waste = bad design and smart growth are just a few of the theories and practices explored in this already classic and inspiring book. A tour de force plenary address given by McDonough, Designing the Next Industrial Revolution, was recorded on video at the Bioneers conference in 2000 reflecting some of the content of the book and is also highly recommended.
Naidus, Beverly. Arts for Change: Teaching Outside the Frame.Oakland, California: New Village Press, 2009.
Artist and educator, Beverly Naidus creates a "montage of ideas, memories, histories, herstories, and fable" in addition to the including spoken experiences of thirty--three art practiioners to help the reader "imagine the world we want, and to think utopically about how things out to our could be, rather than just consider how they are."
Table of Contents includes: Words as a Compass; Avoiding Amnesia; How an Art Practice Morphs in to Pedagogy; Facilitating an Interdisciplinary Arts Curriculum; My Peers (Who Can't be Easily Framed Thank Goodness); Toward a Liberatory Art Practice.
Robinson, William and Rick Darke. The Wild Garden. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press, 2009; expanded 1895 edition.
Designer, photographer, horticulturalist and author expands on William Robinson's The Wild Garden ( first edition 1870) which challenged ordered garden design and who put his theory into practice at Gravetye Manor, West Sussex. Includes the original text and illustrations from the 5th edition (1895). Darke adds new chapters with his color photographs expanding on Robinson's ideas in a contemporary context. The streaming video What is Wild? Why it Matters at Darke's book site is an excellent introduction to the concepts of the "wild garden" outlaying why allowing biological diversity through the lessening of control and allowing autonomy is a vital and urgent sustainable management practice.
Szerszynski, Bronislaw., Wallace Heim, and Claire Waterton. Nature Performed: Environment, Culture and Performance.
Oxford ; Malden, MA: Blackwell Pub./Sociological Review, 2003.
Weintraub, Linda. Cycle-logical Art : Recycling Matters for Eco-art.
2nd ed. Rhinebeck, NY :Artnow Publications, 2007.
Weintraub, Linda. Environmentalities : Twenty-Two Approaches to Eco-art. Rhinebeck, NY :Artnow Publications, 2007.
Weintraub, Linda. ECOcentric Topics : Pioneering Themes for Eco-art. Rhinebeck, NY :Artnow Publications, 2006.
and Art History: Books: 1990-1999
John. Earthworks and Beyond: Contemporary Art in the Landscape.
3rd edition. New York: Abbeville Press, 1998.
Beardsley, John, et.al.
Visions of America: Landscapes as Metaphor in the Twentieth Century. Denver, CO:
Denver Museum of Art ; Columbus OH,: Columbus Museum of Art. Harry N. Abrams, dist., 1994.
Table of contents: As far as the eye can see / Martin Friedman -- Gardens of history, sites of time /
John Beardsley -- Landscape as cinema : projecting America / Lucinda Furlong --
Archipelago landscape / John R. Stilgoe -- The passing of the great space / Neil
Harris -- Elements of a new landscape / Rebecca Solnit -- Mel Chin / John Beardsley --
Lewis deSoto ; Richard Misrach / Rebecca Solnit -- Matt Mullican / Michael Tarantino --
Judy Pfaff / John Yau -- Martin Puryear / Adam D. Weinberg -- Edward Ruscha / John Beardsley
-- Ursula von Rydingsvard / Adam D. Weinberg -- Alison Saar / John Beardsley -- Mark Tansey / Michael Kelly--
James Turrell / John Beardsley -- Bill Viola / Lucinda Furlong -- Meg Webster/ John Beardsley.
Bourdon, David. Designing
the Earth: The Human Impulse to Shape Nature. New York: H. N. Abrams,
Bruun, Ole and Kalland, Arne. Asian Perceptions of Nature and Art: A Critical Approach. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1995. (Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Studies in Asian Topics, No. 18).
Flam, Jack, ed. Robert Smithson: The Collected Writings. Berkely, Los Angeles, London: University of California Press, 1996 (by the estate of Robert Smithson).
The expanded and revised edition of Nancy Holt's, The Writings of Robert Smithson published in 1979 by New York Unversity Press. Includes published and un-published writings in prose and poetry, interviews, a few selected letters and a glossary of names of art-related people who interviewed R. Smithson or figure prominently in the writings or interviews.
Drury, Chris. Found Moments
in Time and Space. New York: Abrams, 1998.
Gablik, Suzi. Conversations
Before The End of Time. New York; London: Thames and Hudson, 1995.
Gablik, Suzi. The
Reenchantment of Art. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1991.
Grande, John K. Balance:
Art and Nature. Montreal: Black Rose Books, 1994.
Grande, John K. Intertwining:
Landscape, Technology, Issues, Artists. Montreal and New York: Black
Rose Books, 1998.
Higuchi, Shoichiro. Water
as Environmental Art: Creating Amenity Space. Tokyo: Kashiwashobo,
Hodges, Nicola, editor. Art
and the Natural Environment. London: Academy Editions, Ltd., 1994.
(Art & Design Profile Series, No. 36).
Kastner, Jeffrey and Wallis,
Brian. Land and Environmental Art. London: Phaidon Press, 1998.
Surveys well-known, post-1945 "land" artists. The book is organized by various artistic approaches
to the land and the concepts of inception, integration, interruption,
involvement, implementation, imagining and illumination.
Kemal, Salim and
Gaskell, Ivan. Landscape, Natural Beauty, and the Arts. Cambridge
and New York: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Korp, Maureen. Sacred
Art of the Earth: Ancient and Contemporary Earthworks. New York:
Lippard, Lucy. Lure of the Local: Senses of Place in a Multicentered Society. New York : New Press, 1997.
Oakes, Baile. Sculpting
with the Environment: A Natural Dialogue. New York: Van Nostrand
account of thirty-five contemporary artists working in urban and rural
public settings, who have sought a symbiotic relationship to the earth.
Artists describe their work in detail with many photographs. Insightful
introductory essays and afterword by the author and other contributors such as Suzi Gablik and Frijof Capra.
of the artists and authors are included: Robert Adzema, Othello Anderson,
Thomas Berry (Cultural Historian), Fritjof Capra (Physicist/Systems
Theorist), Mel Chin, Betsy Damon, Agnes Denes, Michel Oka Doner, Peter
Erskine, Suzie Gablik (Critic/Writer), Reiko Goto, Juan Geuer (Truth
Seeker Company), Helen Mayer Harrison and Newton Harrison, Donna Henes,
Douglas Hollis, Nancy Holt, Lynne Hull, Patricia Johanson, Any Lipkis,
Joanna Macy, William Jackson Maxwell. Dominique Mazeaud, Viet Ngo, Baile
Oakes, Jody Pinto, Peter Richards, Charles Ross, Fern Shaffer, Buster
Simpson, Alan Sonfist, James Turrell, Mierle Ukeles, Tom Van Sant, Vijali,
Sherry Wiggins, Phyllis Yampolsky.
Ryan, Paul. Video
Mind, Earth Mind: Art, Communications and Ecology. New York: P.
Shapiro, Gary. Earthwards:
Robert Smithson and Art After Babel. Berkeley: University of California
Stam, Herd. Crop
Art and Other Earthworks. New York: H.N. Abrams, 1994.
A. Land Art. New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 1995.
Wolff, Janet. The
of Art. 2nd edition. Washington Square, N.Y. : New York University
and Art History: Books: 1980-1989
Pate. Earth Scale Art: A Bibliography, Directory of Artists and Index
to Reproductions. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland, 1984.
Sonfist, Alan, ed. Art in the Land: A Critical Anthology of Environmental
Art. New York: Dutton, 1983.
and Art History: Books: 1970-1979
Beardsley, John. Probing
the Earth: Contemporary Land Projects. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian
Institution Press, 1977.
Benthall, Jonathan. "The
Relevance of Ecology" in Battock, Gregory. Idea Art : A Critical
Anthology. New York: Dutton, 1973.
Fundaburk, Emma Lila. Art
in the Environment in the United States: A Book of 600 Photographs of
Art in Architectural, Natural, Historic and Modern Settings Across the
Kepes, Gyorgy. Arts of the Environment. (Vision + Value Series). New York: G. Braziller, 1972.
Contents: Art and ecological consciousness / Gyorgy Kepes.
Toward a new environment -- The perils of adaptation / René Dubos Diversification of cities and the revival of city culture /Dennis Gabor
Art, space, and the human experience / Edward T. Hall
Environment and virtues / Erik H. Erikson
American institutions and the ecological ideal/
Environmental potentials: visionary and real
The openness of open space / Kevin Lynch
Environments for children / Dolf Schnebli
Social and psychological implications of megastructures/ James T. Burns, Jr.
Planning under the dynamic influences of complex social systems / Jay W. Forrester
The artist's role in environmental self-regulation / Gyorgy Kepes
Creation of environment: Mexico / Eduwardo Terrazas
The city as an artwork / Pulsa
The spiral jetty / Robert Smithson
Man and environment / Albert Szent-Byorgi.
Luverne, Ala.: Fundaburk, 1975.Locher, J.L. Mark Boyle's Journey to the Surface of the Earth. Stuttgart : Edition Hansjorg Mayer, 1978.
Gussow, Alan. A Sense
of Place: The Artist and the American Land. San Francisco: Friends
of the Earth, 1972.
Henri, Adrian. Total Art:
Environments, Happenings and Performance. New York: Praeger, 1974.
Locher, J.L. Mark Boyle's Journey to the Surface of the Earth. Stuttgart, London: Edition Hansjorg Mayer, 1978.
Journey to the Surface of the Earth became the life work of Scottish sculptor, performance artist and painter, Boyle collaborating with his wife Joan Hills and in beginning in the1980's children, Georgia and Sebastian.
Popper, Frank. Art--Action
and Participation. New York: New York University Press, 1975.
Smithson, Robert (edited
by Nancy Holt). The Writings of Robert Smithson. New York: New
York University Press, 1979.
Note: A second revised edition of N. Holt's efforts was published in 1996 and edited by Jack Flam in Robert Smithson the Collected Writings (cited above).
and Art History: Books: 1960-1969
Kaprow, Allan. Assemblage,
Environments & Happenings. New York; H.N. Abrams, 1966.
Marx, Leo. The Machine in the Garden. New York: Oxford University Press, 1964.
A classic text including many literary and art examples in an examination of the development of the pastoral aesthetic/ideal in the American experience which included awe, confusion and/or opposition in the face of rapid industrial growth.
Schmidt, George and Robert Schenk
Kunst und Naturform. Form in Art and Nature. Art et Nature. Basel, Basilius Presse, 1960.
Based on the exhibition "Kunst und Naturform," held in 1958 at the Kunsthalle, Basle.
An amazing juxtaposition of 20th century abstract art and microphotographs taken by scientists. In the preface by Willi Jaggi: "A selection of paintings and sculptures of the past 50 years, in various abstracts styles, was accordingly shown alongside a selection of corresponding microphotographs. Many people thus for the first time became conscious that the forms used by artists who had apparently turned their backs on nature were in fact to be found in nature itself."
Contents also includes: Introduction by Adolf Portmann; George Schmidt Parallel forms in Art and Nature; Robert Schenk Pictures as Art and Scientific Illustrations.
Art and Art History: Books: Before 1960
Mumford, Lewis. The Brown Decades: A Study of the Arts in America, 1865-1895.
New York, Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1931.
and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs
This section lists group or survey exhibitions. Catalogs featuring individual artists are included very selectively. Alternatively, to view some excellent web sites featuring the work and web sites of many contemporary eco artists, link to the Green Arts: Artists and Projects section.
- Publication Dates: 2010-2012,
2000-2009, 1990-1999, 1980-1989, 1970-1979
Art and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 2010-2013
Borasi, Giovanna and Zardini, Mirko, eds. Imperfect Health: The Medicalization of Architecture. Montréal: Canadian Centre for Architecture, 2012.
Postulates a connection between "health, design and the environment, bringing to light uncertainties and contradicitons in cultures informed by Western medicine" based on ahypothesis of care v. cure. Essays interspersed with works in the exhibition:
Giovanna Borasi, Mirko Zardini. Demedicalize architecture.
Carla C. Keirns. Allergic landscapes, built environments and human health.
David Gissen. A theory of pollution for architecture.
Margaret Campbell. Strange bedfellows : modernism and tuberculosis.
Hilary Sample. Emergency urbanism and preventive architecture.
Nan Ellin. Your city yourself.
Linda Pollak. Architecture as infrastructure for interactivity : the need for desire.
Deane Simpson. Gerotopias.
Sunbathing in suburbia : health, fashion and the built environment.
Buckland, David., Espace fondation EDF (Paris, France), Cape Farewell. Carbon 12 : Art et Changement Climatique. Paris : Fondation EDF, 2012
International artists and scientists address carbon’s central role in climate change in re-envisioning the well-being and sustainability of planet Earth.
Published on the occasion of an exhibition at Espace Fondation EDF, Paris, May 4-Sept. 16, 2012 in French and English. Curated and created by Cape Farewell in association with Espace Fondation.
Essays by David Buckland. Carbon 12; Alanna Mitchell. La vie entre les mains de l'homme = A human hand on the switch of life; interviews with participating artists and scientists.
Artists Lucy and Jorege Orta in the Perivuian Amazon with Professor Yadvinder Malhi of the Environmental Change Institute, Oxford University
Subject: Biodiversity/forestry ecosystems.
Artist Erika Blumenfeld with Dr. Michael Latz at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, California.
Subject: Fighter plankton, bioluminescence and resilience of sea organisms.
Artists Heiko and Helen Hansen (He He) with Jean-Marc Chomaz of the LadHyX Laboratory, Paris.
Subject: Atmospherics and flow dynamics.
Artist David Buckland in the High Arctic oceans at 80 degrees north with Dr. Debora Iglesias-Rodriguez of the National Oceanography Centre, UK
Subject: Cocolithaphores, their carbon uptake and the effects of ocean acidification.
Artist Annie Cattrell with Dr. Mike C. Bell at ICIT/Herriot-Watt University in Orkney, Scotland and Dr. Simon Boxall of the National Oceanography Centre, UK.
Subject: Ocean flow and renewable energy technology.
Dion, Mark; Basta, Sarina.; Raimondi, Cristiano. Oceanomania: Souvenirs of Mysterious Seas from the Expedition to the Acquarium. London: MACK, 2011.
Essays and artists' representations on sea life through the eyes of art, science and culture past and present. A collaborative project of Mark Dion and the Oceanographic Museum and New National Museum at Villa Paloma (Nouveau Musee National de Monaco), April 12, 2011-September 30, 2011.
Part I: Captain Nemo; Part II Sunken Treasures; Part III: Travels on Uncanny Seas; Part IV: The Sea of Wonder and the Imperiled Ocean; Part V: From the Expedition to the Acquarium Part VI: Sea Dreams.
Ends of the Earth: Land Art to 1974. Munich, London, New York: Prestel, 2012.
Organized by Philipp Kaiser and Miwon Kwon held at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Los Angeles and The Geffen Contemporary at MOCA May 27 to August 20, 2012 and the Haus der Kunst, Munich, October 12, 2012 to January 20, 2013. With web-basedinteractive feature developed by the MOCA mapping key artworks to their original locations.
The history of the Land Art movement is reexamined with critical essays and interviews by scholars and curators discussing the work of now well-known artists who used the physical earth (or the concept of land thereof) for indoor and outdoor (typically large-scale) installations and performance primarily in the 60s and 70's. The main tenets of the exhibition are that land art was international (not primarily an American sculptural movement) was practiced in both urban and remote places, was not anti-art or anti-object as it depended heavily on the established art system for support and exposure, and that it was "a media practice as much as a sculptural one" wherein photography and the popular media played a key role in documenting artists' works. The well-illustrated catalog includes a pictorial Annotated Checklist of the Exhibition and Annotated Chronology of Group Exhibitions and Events (from 1933 to 1974). Detailed footnotes; selected bibliography compiled by Cassie Wu.
For a Sustainable World: Rencontres de Bamako African Photography Biennial = Rencontres africaines de la photographie: Bamako Mali, 9th edition. November 1, 2011 - January 1, 2012. Michket Krifa and Laura Serani, editorial directors, et.al. Paris : Institute Français ; [Mali] : Malian Ministry of Culture ; [Arles] : Actes Sud, 2011.
The work of photographers and video artists from Africa and the diaspora on the theme of a "sustainable world."
Contents: Commentary by Hamane Niang, Malian Ministerof Culture and Chevalier de'Ordre National; Xavier Darcos, President of the Institute Francais; Samuel Sidibe, General Delegate of the Encounters of Bamako.
Essays by Michket Krifa and Laura Serani, "For A Sustainable World" and Achille Mbembe, Writer (Cameroon) "The Seed and the Silt." Commentary on catalog entries including some artists' statements; with brief biographies.
Gevers, Ine. Yes Naturally: How Art Saves the World. Amsterdam : Rotterdam: Niet Normaal Foundation in collaboration with the Gerneentemusuem Den Haag, The Hague. 2013.
Published on the occasion of the exhibition, "Yes Naturally, How Art Saves the World produced by the Niet Normaal Foundation in collaboration with the Gerneentemuseum Den Haag, The Hague, March 16- September 2013.
Contents documents and expand on the exhibition:
Foreward - Hester AlberdingkThimj and Benno Tempel
Yes naturaly : how art saves the world - Ine Gevers
Ecology in the shadow of Oedipus -Timothy Morton
Thinking otherwise : cosmopolitanism, indigeneity and the commons - Jean Fisher
The ecozoic city - John Thackara
Reinventing Eden - Laura Stamps
Cultured nature - Ellen ter Gast
Anthropocentrism - Clemens Driessen
From eco-apartheid to earth democracy - Vanadan Shiva
Ecoliteracy in between politics, philosophy and art : the shared interests of Rotterdam skillcity - Henk Oosterling
Staying with the trouble : interview by Rick Dolphijn - Donna Haraway
Welcome to the world - Paul Kokke
Justice for all - Dennis Kerckhoffs
Synthetic nature : a nanotechnological future - Luciana Parisi
Mediating species companionship : on wildlife webcams - Ike Kamphof
The art of inquiry : reflections of an anthropologist -Tim Ingold
Talking objects - Laura Mudde
Microspheres - Tamar Stelling
Co-evolution and partnership - Miriam van Rijsingen.
Kelly Baum et al. Nobody's Property: Art, Land, Space, 2000-2010. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Art Museum; New Haven: Distributed by Yale University Press, 2010.
Kertesz, Klaus, Harris, Susan and Brodowitz, Gregg. Toxic Beauty: The Art of Frank Moore. New York, N.Y. : Grey Art Gallery, New York University, 2012.
Payne, Ann (curator) and Brent Bailey. Reflections: Homage to Dunkard Creek. West Virginia: The Mountain Institute, Applachia Program, 2011.
A traveling exhibition: 90 artists memorialize 90 species that once thrived in the 43-mile Pennsylvania and West Virginia creek. A combination of chemical mine wastes and low water, exacerbated by industry water withdrawals, set off a toxic algae bloom which suffocated an estimated 65,000 creek inhabitants.
Misrach, Richard, and Kate Orff. Petrochemical America. New York: Aperture Foundation, 2012.
Issued in conjunction with the exhibitions: Visiting the South: Richard Misrach's Cancer Alley, High Museum of Art Atlanta, June 2- October 7, 2012; Petrochemical America: Project Room, Aperture Foundation, New York, NY; August 26 - October 6, 2012; LOOK3 Festival of the Photograph, Charolottesville, VA, June 7- 29, 2013; Pomoma College Museum of Art, Claremont, CA Fall 2014.
A collaboration between photographer Richard Misrach and landscape architect Kate Orff asking ultimately the questions: “how can photography and landscape architecture generate change, and how can design choreograph public and private interests to refashion a place?”
Part I: Cancer Alley: Misrach's photographs reproduced in full-page from his project in 1998 (plus some 2010 works) with detailed captions regarding land and communities in plight along the 150-mile Mississippi River between Baton Rouge and New Orleans surrounded by "a quarter" (over 100) of the nation’s petrochemical plants.
Part II: Ecological Atlas (Kate Orff)
Analyses through text and visualized systems and scenarios which “unravel moments in the photographs” to engender “understanding, imagining and acting.”
Part III: in back cover of book:
Glossary of Terms and Solutions for a Post-Petrochemical Culture (Misrach and Orff).
Rogers, Kendal, ed. Edge of Life: Forest Pathology. Art. Nacogdoches, Texas, Stephen F. Austin State Univeristy Press, 2011.
Foreword by David A. Lewis ; introductory text by Michelle Rozic, David Kulhavy ; pathogen text by David Kulhavy.
Cole Art Center@The Old Opera House, January 21 - March 26; Eagle Exhibit Hall, Environmental Education, Science and Technology Building, University of North Texas, April 20 - June 10.
Spaid, Sue. Artists Farming Fields, Greenhouses and Abandoned Lots. Cincinnati, OH: Contemporary Arts Center, Richard & Lois Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art, 2012.
Exhibition held at CAC, Richard & Lois Rosenthal Center for Contemporary Art, September 21, 2012-January 20, 2013.
Traveling to the American University Museum, Washington, D.C. and the Arlington Art Center, Arlington, Virginia, Summer 2013.
A survey of works "elucidating farming as art" in the 20th and 21st centuries. Includes a chronology and a "glossary" of art farming considerations.
Undercurrents: Experimental Ecosystems in Recent Art. Edited and with essays by Anik Fournier, Michelle Lim, Amanda Parmer and Robert Wuilfe; artists' commentaries. New York: Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; New Haven:Yale University Press, 2010.
Explores the ethics of socio-political, cultural and ecological co-habitation with local and global implications for human and other-than-human nature. Works are presented across media and performance in a network of sites along the west side of Manhattan.
Works in the exhibition: Gina Badger: Rates of Accumulation, 2010; Amy Balkin: Reading the IPCC Synthesis Report: Summary for Policy Makers, 2008; Rachel Berwick: Feochelone Abingdoni: Lonesome George, 2007; Matthew Buckingham: Muhheakantuck-Everything Has a Name, 2003; Ecoarttech: A Series of Indeterminate Hikes in "Google National Park" and "Manhattan Island National Search Engine," 2010; Pablo Helguera: Beauty of Ashes, 2010; Alfaredo Jaar: Fragments, 2010; Tatsuo Miyajima and the Peace Shadow Project Team: Peace Shadow Project, 2009; Lize Mogel: The Sludge Economy, 2010; Andrea Polli and members of the New York Society for Acoustic Ecology: Untitled, 2010; Andrea Polli and Sha Sha Feng: Sound Seeker, 2005 - web project www.soundseeker.org; Emily Roydson: Untitled, 2010; Spurse: Sharing the OCEA(n): Ocean Commons Entanglement Apparatus, 2009 - ; Apichatpong Weerasethakul: Unknown Forces, 2007.
U-n-f-o-l-d. David Buckland and Chris Wainwright, eds. Vienna, Austria: SpringerWienNewYork, 2010.
A touring exhibition developed through three Cape Farewell Project expeditions in the Arctic and the Andes from 2007-2009 in collaboration with international artists, musicians, scientists and other creative practitioners. Eighty-plus participants saw the effects of climate change first-hand and core works were commissioned for Unfold in response. The publication was made possible in a collaboration with Cape Farewell between Camberwell, Chelsea and Wimbledon Colleges (CCW), University of the Arts London, Columbia College, Chicago, and the University of Applied Arts, Vienna.
Work in the exhibition by: Ackroyd & Harvey, Amy Balkin, David Buckland, Adriane Colburn, Sam Collins, Nick Edwards, Leslie Feist, Francesca Galeazzi, Nthan Gallagher, Marije de Haas, Robyn Hitchcock + KT Tunstall, Ian McEwan, Brenndan McGuire, Daro Montag, Michele Noach, Lucy + George Orta, Sunand Prassad, Tracey Rowledge, Lemn Sissay, Shiro Takatani, Clare Twomey, Chris Wainwright.
David Buckland (Founder/Director of Cape Farewell) and Chris Wainwright (Head of Colleges, CCW, University of Arts London) Gerald Bast (Rector, University of Applied Arts), Chris Rapley (Director, Science Museum, London and Professor of Climate Change Science , University College London), Helga Kromp-Kolb (Institute of Meteorology, BOKU, University of Natural Resources and Applied Life Sciences, Vienna), Rod Slemmons (Directory, Museum of Contemporary Photography, Columbia College), Steve Kapelke (Provost, Columbia College).
Conversation between David Buckland and Chris Wainwright (amended from the European League of Institutes of the Arts conference papers 2009)
Includes artist biographies and expedition participants.
Art and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 2000-2009
Art Gallery of Hamilton and Musee d'Art Contemporain de Montreal.
Trevor Gould : Posing for the Public : The World as Exhibition = Trevor Gould : Poser pour le Public : le Monde comme Exposition. Hamilton, Ont. : Art Gallery of Hamilton ; Montréal, Québec : Musée d'art contemporain de Montréal, 2003.
A thoughtful catalog accompanying this travelling exhibition about Gould's examination of the 'other' in the context of "western reproductions of nature and progress of colonial power." Also discusses the killing of animals for arts, entertainment and scientific purposes. Ends with an interview of the artist by Gary Dault. (md)
Contents (bilingual in French and English) include: Trevor Gould : posing for the public Sandra Grant Marchand -- The world on stage : the art of Trevor Gould / Shirley Madill -- The open sky enclosed : re-presenting the world as exhibition / Anne Clendinning -- Nature's disquiet/ Curtis Joseph Collins -- Look but don't touch : the role of tactility in an era of visual excess / Celeste Olalquiaga -- Exhibit A : The pose / Johanne Lamoureaux -- Trevor Gould : a meeting in Montreal / Gary Michael Dault.
Birdspace: A Post-Audubon Artists Aviary. New Orleans : Seattle, WA : Contemporary Arts Center, 2004.Distributed by University of Washington Press, 2004. Contemporary Arts Centre, New Orleans, Jan 10-Mar 21, 2004; Norton Museum of Art, West Palm Beach, Florida May 29-August 15, 2004; The Hudson River Museum, Yonkers, New York, Oct 9 2004-Jan 2, 2005; McDonough Museum of Art, Youngstown State University, Ohio Sept 2 - Oct 7, 2005.
Fifty international artists works in various media inspired by birds. David Rubin conceived and curated the exhibition after a staff colleague proposed nature as a theme during a programming brainstorming session at the CCC.
The Humanity of All Living Things
Mortality, Loss Remembrance and Transformation
Identity and Autobiography
Bluhm, Andreas and Lippincott, Louise. Light! The Industrial Age 1750-1900 Art & Science, Technology & Society. The Van Gogh Museum, Amsterdam (Oct 2000-Feb 2001) and the Carnegie Museum of Art, Pittsburgh (Apr-July 2001),. London: Thames and Hudson, 2000.
A history of the human exploration and manipulation of light at the rise of the Industrial Age in England and Western Europe in an attempt to show how light was used and perceived then, whereby inviting reflection on how we use and think of light now. Ninety-five one-page essays range from light as a source of wonder to one of hell. The exhibition of art, scientific and industrial objects, corresponds to themes on: A Ray of Light -- optics and physics beginning with Sir Isaac Newton; The Light of Nature -- natural light as observed and explained by artists and scientists beginning with the "Enlightenment"; Makers of Light -- new lighting technologies and power; Personal Lights -- lighting for the home and Public Lighting. Without a subject index (except for a named person index) one must peruse each essay for interesting emotional, environmental, social, symbolic, spiritual and political tidbits. The writers have provided a good introduction on their intent, their methodology, and thinking on the subject of light and it's history. Includes a timeline of selected related events from 1675-1905.
Ecotopia: The Second ICP Triennial of Photography and Video. (Sept. 14, 2006 - Jan. 7, 2007). New York: International Center of Photography; Gottingen: Steidl Publishing, 2006.
Organized by curators Brian Wallis, Christopher Phillips, Edward Earle, and Carol Squiers; assistant curator Joanna Lehan. International artists explore "nature", environmental change and disaster in the 21st century.
Artists include; Robert Adams, Doug Aitken, Allora & Calzadilla, Wout Berger, Adam Broomberg and Oliver Chanarin, Patrick Brown, Catherine Chalmers, Stéphane Couturier, Lou Dematteis and Kayana Szymczak, Yannick Demmerle, Goran Dević, Mark Dion, Sam Easterson, Mitch Epstein, Joan Fontcuberta, Noriko Furunishi, Marine Hugonnier, Francesco Jodice, Harri Kallio, Vincent Laforet, Christopher LaMarca, An-My Lê, David Maisel, Mary Mattingly, Gilles Mingasson, Simon Norfolk, The Otolith Group, Sophie Ristelhueber, Clifford Ross, Thomas Ruff, Carlos & Jason Sanchez, Alessandra Sanguinetti, Victor Schrager, Simon Starling, Kim Stringfellow, Diana Thater, Wang Qingsong.
Ecovention: Current Art to Transform Ecologies. Sue Spaid and Amy Lipton, curators. Cincinnati: The Contemporary Arts Center and greenmuseum.org; ecoartspace, 2002. Published on the occasion of the exhibition held at the Contemporary Arts Center, June9 -August 18.
This well-designed catalog represents the work of eco-artists active today in chapters devoted to: activism to publicize ecological issues/monitoring ecological problems, valuing anew/living with brownfields, biodiversity/accomodating species/studying species depletion, urban infrastructure/environmental justice, reclamation and restoration aesthetics.Includes an array of images and quotes, a short history of "ecoventions", artists philosophical statements, a glossary of eco-terms and short essays in a section called "critical diversity." True to its theme the catalog was produced with 100% recycled non-chlorinated papers (50% post-consumer waste) with an"environmental benefits statement" calculating how many trees, gallons of water, electricity, cubic yards of solid waste and greenhouse gases were saved by the process.
Lucy Lippard, et. al. Weather Report: Art and Climate Change. Boulder, Colorado. :Boulder Museum of Contemporary Arts in collaboration with EcoArts , 2007.
Exhibition curated by Lucy Lippard. September 14-December 21, 2007.
International artists works explore the climate change crisis.
Lucy Lippard. Weather Report: Expecting the Unexpected.
Stephanie Smith. Weather Systems: Questions about Art and Climate Change.
Andrew C. Revkin. Coming of Age on a Crowded Planet.
Porritt, Jonathon. Radical Nature : Art and Architecture For a Changing Planet 1969-2009. Barbican Art Gallery, London, (June 19- October, 19 2009). London :Koenig Books, 2009.
Notation from the exhibition web site: "brings together key figures across different generations who have created utopian works and inspiring solutions for our ever-changing planet...draws on ideas that have emerged out of Land Art, environmental activism, experimental architecture and utopianism. The exhibition is designed as one fantastical landscape, with each piece introducing into the gallery space a dramatic portion of nature...Radical Nature also features specially commissioned and restaged historical installations, some of which are located in the outdoor spaces around the Barbican while a satellite project by the architectural collective EXYZT is situated off site." (accessed 7.9.09)
Table of Contents: A12 -- Lara Almarcegui -- Ant Farm -- Lothar Baumgarten -- Joseph Beuys
-- Ricjard Buckminster Fuller -- CLUI -- Agnes Denes -- Diller Scofidio
+ Renfro -- Mark Dion -- EXYZT -- Luke Fowler -- Anya Gallaccio -- Tue
Greenfort -- Hans Haacke -- Henrik Håkansson -- Newton Harrison and Helen Mayer Harrison -- Wolf Hilbertz -- Heather and Ivan Morison -- Philippe Rahm architects -- R&Aie(n) -- Tomas Saraceno -- Robert Smithson -- Simon Starling -- Mierle Laderman Ukeles.
Smith, Stephanie. Beyond Green: Toward a Sustainable Art. Chicago, Ill: Smart Museum of Art, University of Chicago; New York, NY: Independent Curators International, 2005
Traveling exhibition addressing "the intersection between sustainable design and contemporary art." Includes artist interviews with the author or, alternatively, statements by the artists. Table of contents: Beyond green / Stephanie Smith -- Reflections on art and sustainability
/ Victor Margolin -- Allora & Calzadilla (interview)-- Free Soil (interview with Amy Franceschini, Myriel Milicevic, Nis Romer)-- JAM (Jane Palmer and Marianne Fairbanks)-- Learning Group (interview with Brett Bloom, Julio Castro, Rikke Luther and Celia Wendt)-- Brennan McGaffey in collaboration with Temporary Services (interview)-- Nils Norman (interview)-- People Powered (interview with Kevin Kaempf)-- Dan Peterman -- Marjetica Potrc -- Michael Rakowitz (interview) -- Frances Whitehead (interview)-- Wochen Klausur -- Andrea Zittel
Smith, Stephanie. Trouble in Paradise:Examining Discord Between Nature and Society.Tuscon, Arizona: Tucson Museum of Art and History Block, 2009.
Curated by Julie Sasse, Chief Curator of Modern and Contemporary Art.
Contents includes: artists' biographies and bibliography.
Forward and Acknowledgements/Robert E. Knight, Executive Director. Essay: Trouble in Paradise/Julie Sasse.
Catalog: The Artists and Their Work w/ commentary by Julie Sasse and Emily Handlin. Each of the artist's works are illustrated and include installations, mixed media, paintings, drawings, prints, photography, sculpture, video spanning 1979 to 2009.
Artists: Kim Abeles; Luis Cruz Azaceta; Sasha Bezzubov; Randy Bolton; Sonja Brass; Alice Leora Briggs; Diane Burko; Edward Burtynsky; Corwin "Corky" Clairmont; Robert D. Cocke; Anne Coe; Sue Coe; Dan Collins; James P. Cook; Susan Crile; Johann Ryno de Wet; Mark Dion; Mitch Epstein; Vernon Fisher; Paul Fusco; Francesco Gabbiani, Susan Graham; Heather Green; Emily Halpern; Julie Heffernan; Roderick Henderson; Tracy Hicks; Dodo Jin Ming; Kim Keever; Isabella Kirkland; Dimitri Kozyrev; Nevan Lahart; Rosemary Laing; David Maisel; Mary Mattingly; Richard Misrach; Matthew Moore; Michael Najjar; Joe Novak; Leah Oates; Robyn O'Neil; Tom Palmore; Robert and Shana Parkeharrison; Anthony Pessler; Robert Polidori; Alexis Rockman; Barbara Rogers; Thomas Ruff; Chris Rush; Susan Shatter; Jeff Smith; Mikhael Subotzky; Tom Uttech; Ellen Wagener; William T. Wiley; A.T. Willett; Joel Peter Witkin.
Thompson, Diane Lynn. Alluvion: Acts of Intention and Intervention. Salt Spring Island, B.C.: Equilibrium Studio, 2004.
Accompanied the exhibition of the same name at the Campbell River and District Public Art Gallery, August 2004 and Nanaimo Gallery, September 2005.
This project was inspired by a dream. The artist had natural shells shaped and engraved which were then placed with intention by the artist on seashores in British Columbia or corresponded to others by mail across the globe.
The artist's and participants' commentary are included in sections: Gifting and delight; Imaginings; Ritual, magic and mean; Attention, observation and contemplation; Bigger than oneself; Loss; Memorial; Releasing; Offerings; Sensuality; Best laid plans; Act of art and just plain fun; What will happen?; Integration. Foreward by Caffyn Kelley. Introduction by D.L. Thompson. With list of locations and participants.
Windflower: Perceptions of Nature. Marente Bloemheuvel and Toss van Kooten, eds. NAi Publishers: Kroller Muller Museum, Otterlo, 2011. Published on the occasion of the exhibition October 9, 2011 - January 15, 2012.
and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 1990-1999
Joy, ed. Art for Survival. The Illustrator and the Environment = Der
Illustrator und die Umwelt=L 'illustrateur et l'environment. Zurich,Switzerland:
Graphis Press, 1992.
by Charlotte Brads. Other contributors: Ray Bradbury, Noel Brown, Tom
Cruise, Wendell Minor. Sponsored by the United Nations Environmental Program
in cooperation with the Earth Island Institute and the Society of Illustrators,
Boucher, Renaud and Confi-d'Arts
Inc. 2000 Moins 7 Espaces d'Amerique: Un Evenement en Arts Visuels
sur le Theme de l'Environment. Montreal: Confi-d'arts, 1993.
Boym, Per Bj. Robert Smithson
Retrospective: Works: 1955-1973. Traveling exhibition organized
and published in association with the National Museum of Contemporary
Art, Oslo; Moderna Museet, Stockholm; and Arken Museum of Modern Art,
Emerson Gallery, Hamilton
College. Listening to the Earth: Artists and the Environment.
Clinton, NY: Emerson Gallery,1995.
exhibited: Janet Culbertson, Alan Gussow,Maren Hassinger, Gillian Jagger,
Bobbi Mastrangelo, Karen Shaw
Gallery Route One. What
Have We Got to Lose? Artists and the Environmental Crisis. Point
Reyes Station, Calif., 1990.
in conjunction with art exhibitions and other events in Point Reyes
Gelburd, Gail Enid. Creative
Solutions to Ecological Issues. New York: Council for Creative Projects;
Philadelphia: dist. by University of Pennsylvania Press, 1993.
starting from the Dallas Museum of Natural History. Foreward by Al Gore.
Goldstein, Anna and Rorimer, Anne. Reconsidering the Object of Art: 1965-1975. Los Angeles : Museum of Contemporary Art ; [Distributed by] Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 1995.
An overview of the Conceptual Art movement (including earth art, performance art, body art, etc.) which questioned the tradition of art as object and began exploring art as idea, process and/or experience. The seed of awareness through experience influenced the emergence of ecologically aware art, which would became full blown by the early 1990's.
Grynsztejn, Madeleine. About
Place: Recent Art of the Americas: the 76th American Exhibition at the
Art Institute of Chicago. Chicago, Ill: Art Institute of Chicago;
New York, 1995.
Heartney, Eleanor. From
Destruction to Reclamation: Art and the Environment in the Nineties:
Mel Chin, David T. Hanson and Jarrad Powell, Dominique Mazeaud, Richard
Misrach. Winston-Salem, N.C.: Southeastern Center for Contemporary
Institute for Contemporary
Art and P.S.1 Museum. Theatergarden Bestiarium: The Garden as Theater
as Museum. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1990. Exhibition organized
by Chris Dercon.
International Triennial Ecology
and Art (4th). 4. Mednarodni Trienale Ekologija in Umetnost.
Maribor, Slovenia: Umetnostna Galerija Maribor, 1992.
Laval-Jeantet, Marion and
Mangin, Benoit, curators. Veilleurs du monde = Gbêdji Kpontolè
: une aventure béninoise. Paris: CQFD, 1998.
book evokes an artists' residency and an exhibition...which took place
in Cotonou, Benin from August to September, 1997. The project's name
was 'Worldwatchers' ('Gbêdji Kpontolè' in Fon, the main
Beninese language) and its aim was to make possible the realization
of collaborative works whose themes centered around ecological emergency."--p.
 of catalog.
Leeds City Art Gallery. Andy
Goldsworthy: A Collaboration With Nature. London and New York: Viking
and Harry N. Abrams, Inc.
Matilsky, Barbara C. Fragile
Ecologies: Contemporary Artists Interpretations and Solutions. New
York: Rizzoli International, 1992. Published in conjunction with the
exhibition at the Queens Museum of Art, New York.
Musee de la Civilization.
Marie-Charlotte DeKonick, curator(?). Foret Verte, Planete Bleue.
Saint-Laurent, Quebec, 1995.
Museo de Arte Moderno, Mexico,
Sala Jose Juan Tablada. Lesa Natura: Reflexiones Sobre Ecologia.
El Museo: Grupo de los Cien: Cemex: Sedesol: La Vaca Independiente,
Nairne, Sandy and Ferguson,
Bruce. Space Invaders: Essays. Regina: Sask.: Mackenzie Art Gallery,University
of Regina, 1985.
Reality: Artistic Positions Between Nature and Culture/Kunstlerische
Positionen Swischen Natur und Kultur.
(Heike Strelow, curator). Ludwig Forum fur Internationale Kunst, Stuttgart:
Public Art Fund. Public
Art Fund's Urban Paradise: Gardens in the City. Artists' Proposals for
Gardens in the Urban Environment. James M. Clark and Tom Eccles,
curators. Paine Webber Art Gallery, New York, 1994.
South Bank Centre and Hayward
Gallery, London. Richard Long: Walking in Circles. London: South
Bank Centre, 1991.
Weintraub, Linda, Marketta Seppälä and Jari-Pekka Vanhala. Animal, Anima, Animus. Pori : Pori Art Museum, 1998.
This traveling exhibition (1998-2000) curated by Linda Weintraub and Marketta Seppäla addresses"an alternative paradigm: animals can be understood not as creatures of another world, of nature, but as co-inhabitants with human beings in our common world." (Seppäla)
"The catalog documents the art projects produced at the Pori Art Museum in Finland. Eight scholars working in diverse animal-related fields—John Berger, Ben-Ami Scharfstein, Yrjö Haila, Tim Ingold, Gisli Palsson, Juhani Pallasmaa, Val Plumwood, and Daniel Simberloff—explore the cultural roles of animals as well as our role as observers who detect new layers of meaning in what we see; they compare pre-historic, historic, and contemporary attitudes toward animals as well as today’s art with past art." The English edition of the catalog was published by FRAME: The Finnish Fund for Art Exchange and the Pori Art Museum." MoMA P.S.1 New York.
Inclusive venues: Pori Art Museum, Finland, Museum of Modern Art Arnhem, Holland, MoMA P.S.1, New York, and Winnipeg Art Gallery, Canada.
Floriade (World Horticultural Exhibition Floriade) Zoetermeer, The Netherlands
and Jan Brand et.al, ed. Allocaties: Kunst voor een Natuurlijke en
Kunstmatige Omgeving=Allocations: Art for a Natural and Artificial Environment,
and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 1980-1989
Alternative Museum. Endangered
Species : Ecological Commentaries. New York, NY : The Museum, 1987.
From the series: The Artist as Catalyst.
Artists include: Petah Coyne, Ming Fay, Frank Gillette, Greenpeace, Michael
Hall, Radovan Kraguly , Ronald Leax, Maxilla & Mandible, Margot McLean,
Mark Milloff, SITE Projects Inc., Violet Ray, Dustin Shuler, Alan Sonfist,
Association des Femmes Diplomees
des Universites. Femmes de Parole et Ecologie: Art Actuel, 1988.
Maison de la Culture Cote-des-Neiges,1988. Montreal: Association des
Femmes Diplomees des Universites, 1988.
Auping, Michael. Common
Ground: Five Artists in the Florida Landscape: Hamish Fulton, Helen
and Newton Harrison, Michael Singer, Alan Sonfist. Sarasota, Fla.:
John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, 1982.
Davies, Hugh Marlais. Sitings:
Alice Aycock, Richard Fleischner, Mary Miss, George Trakas. La Jolla,
Calif.: La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art, 1986. (Travelling to Dallas
Museum of Art and the High Museum of Art, Atlanta).
Edith Blum Art Institute,
Bard College Center. Landmarks: New Site Proposals by Twenty-Two
Original Pioneers of Envrionmental Art. New York: Annandale-on-Hudson:
Fuchs, R.H. . Richard
Long. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum. New York: Thames and Hudson,
Graeme Murray Gallery, London.
The Unpainted Landscape. London: Coracle Press; Edinburgh: Scottish
Arts Council, 1987. (Published on the occasion of the Scottish Arts
Council Touring Exhibition).
Kunsthalle, Basel. Mapping
Spaces: A Topological Survey of the Work by James Turrell. New York:
Peter Blum, 1987.
Stadtische Galerie Albstadt.
Paradies und Umwelt: Mensch und Natur in der Graphik des 20. Jharhunderts,
Vowinckel, Andreas and Czigens,
Ilse. Natur-Skulptur=Nature-sculpture. Wurttenmbergischer Kunstverein
Stuttgart, Kunstgebaude am Schlossplatz.Stuttgart: Der Kunstverein,
and Art History: Exhibition Catalogs: 1970-1979
Beardsley, John. Probing
the Earth: Contemporary Land Projects. Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture
Garden, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Washington D.C.: Smithsonian
Institution Press, 1977.
Gussow, Alan. A Sense of Place: The Artist and the American Land. Introduction by Richard Wilbur. Foreword by David R. Brower. San Francisco: Friends of the Earth [1972-73].
Volume 1 is a landmark book written and researched by the landscape painter and activist meant to heighten awareness of the inextricable relationship between humans and the environment in the face of an increasingly "ravaged earth." Includes critical and historical commentary with quotes, poems and essays of well-known and some lesser known American 19th and 20th century landscape painters. Some women artists are featured in the book and the subsequent exhibition catalog.
Volume 2 is a pictorial (b&w) exhibition catalog, inspired by Gussow's book, curated by Gussow and held at the Joslyn Art Museum and the Sheldon Memorial Art Gallery. The exhibition included paintings held in the permanent collections of the two venues, works from Volume 1 and some other examples by "significant" American artists.
Gussow states in the introduction: "If there is a message in this show, it lies in its urging each of us to attend to roots, to notice what is about us, to involve ourselves deeply in our own locations, to recognize that in some hidden way we are the products of our places. In the end we are not distinct from our landscape for as we give shape to our villages and cities, these places shape us. Our environment is more than a passive backdrop; it is the stage on which we move.The objects and forms on that stage shape our actions, guide our choices, restrict or enhance our freedom and in some mysterious way even predict our future."
See an insightful, detailed article on Gussow, his ideas and activism by Pat Mainardi, "Alan Gussow: A Sense of Place," in ARTnews, November 1975, 62-63, 66-67.
and Art History: Artists' Books
Arcadia Id Est.
Symposium (April 15, 2005) and touring exhibition on art nature and the landscape, 2005-2007. The University of West England, Bristol School of Art, Media and Design.
Site contains essays and images of the artists books. Exhibition tours until 2007.
Barnes, Richard, Tim Collins,
Reiko Goto, Jeannette Redensek, Victoria Trostle. Aqua Pura. San
Francisco: San Francisco Art Commission, 1992.
Barton, Carol June. Loom. Bethesda, MD : C.J. Barton, 1989.
Blakely, George. The Deer Sayers. [s.l. : s.n.] (Philadelphia:
Tyler School of Art) 1978.
Bucholz, Sue. You Waters! Rosendale, N.Y. : Women's Studio Workshop,
Carvalho, Josely. My Body
is My Country. Hartford, Con.., Real Art Ways, 1991.
Chaplin, Bob. Mill River, River Mill: with associated music. Rochester,
N.Y. : Visual Studies Workshop, 1997.
Clouse, Keith. Selected Preachings from the Soapbox of the Forest.
[s.l. : s.n. 199-?]
Denes, Agnes. Book of Dust: The Beginning and the End of Time Thereafter.
Rochester, N.Y.: Visual Studies Workshop, 1989.
Ekstrom, Linda. Bloodstains. Santa Barbara: University of California:
Hand to Mouth Press,1994. One of ten works printed on everyday objects
from Poetry in the Hand: Selected Poems of Joyce Carol Oates.
Gilbert, Sharon. Chemical Ways [s.l. : s.n.] 1997.
Gilbert, Sharon. Green: The Fragile [s.l.] : S. Gilbert, 1989.
Gilbert, Sharon. A Nuclear Atlas. Rosendale, N.Y. : Women's Studio
A collage of reproduced statistics, charts, diagrams, maps, news/media, scenarios and visual poetry on the 'visible and invisible' effects associated with the development of nuclear energy on Earth. Issues addressed include nuclear hazards and accidents, health risks, probablility of human negligence and site mismanagement, structural deterioration of nuclear sites, nuclear leaks and environmental absorption/contamination via food and water cycles, and circulation of nuclear fallout over the globe. The scattered quality of the text and images with the contrasty black and white retrograde-copier-like quality throughout elicits a feeling of disorder, alarm and nuclear winter. Codex; 28p (incl. cover); 29 cm.
Gilbert, Sharon. Poison America. [s.l. ; s.n.] 1988.
Gilbert, Sharon. Three-Mile Island Reproductions (1-8). [s.l.]
: S. Gilbert, 1979
Gordon, Coco, Thomas Mary Berry and Ed Sanders. Artists Perform from Their Ecological Source : Working to Re-open Major Life Systems of the Planet. New York: W Space Press, 1992.
Corresponding to a six-day art/health inquiry: FROM THE GUT AND THE WELL in THE ecoROOM... becoming conscious of the artist as iritant and gatherer in the process of reformulating human/earth balance and health. For the World Congress on Arts and Medicine, February 25- March 2. Funded my MedArts International. Includes a program of events, with the majority of the book comprising a page of work in words and/or images representing each of the artist participants or invited artists of varying backgrounds. Other artists include Sandra Semchuk, Barbara Roux, Michele Oka Doner, Jay Ashcraft, Betty Beaumont, Arleen Schloss, Helene Aylon, Regina Vater, Mollne Karnofsky, Ray Johnson, Ione, Ed Friedman, Alison Knowles, Katie Freygang, R.I.P. Hayman, Hanne Laurid?en, Mel Chin, P. Lowenberg, Pauline Oliveros, Donna Henes, Irene Javors, Cassandre Langer, Alex Grey, John Halpern, Hera, Karen Shaw, Edward Sanders..Mylar cover; page margins hole-punched and bound with a thin, black expandable "string" and a pencil that reads WE REOPEN MAJOR LIFE SYSTEMS.
Horan, Leslie. The Power of Example. Pittsburgh, PA : Light Speed
Irland, Basia, Books of Ice. Audio slide show online in Orion Magazine, February 27, 2013.
Basia Irland's ice sculpture project..." raises awareness about the health of our waterways by identifying plants that are native to certain rivers, freezing seeds of these plants in water from these rivers, carving "books" out of the resulting ice, and then releasing them back into the rivers with the support of local students and community members."
Maderick, Nick. Reenchantment of Place.Carnegie Mellon University,
Pittsburgh, PA [s.n.] August 8, 1991- June 1, 1994. Four volumes documenting
the on-site project.
McCarney, Scott. Far Horizons. Rochester, N.Y. : S. McCarney, 1998.
Minnesota Center for Book
Arts. Betty Bright, curator. Completing the Circle: Artists' Books
on the Environment. Minneapolis: Minnesota Center for Book Arts,
Holllis Stuaber, Executive Director MCBA, Preface;Agnes Denis, Introduction:Notes on a Visual Philosphy. Betty Bright, Curator-
Voices are Raised. Air. Water. Fire. Earth. The Way is Shown: Completing the Circle. Includes selected bibliography.
List of Works
Mojedeh Maratloo and Clifton J. Balch - ANGST: Cartography, SITES/Lumen Books; Douglas Beube, Tar Spill; Jo Blatti, Linda Gammell, Sandra Menefee Tayor, SE 1/4 Section 6, Township N, Range 21 W of the 5th Principle Meridian 160 Acres: Landscape of Hope and Despair; Agnes Denes, Book of Dust: The Beginning and the End of Time and Thereafter; Francois Deschamps and Judy Mohns, Particle Theory; Mary Beth Edelson, Seven Cycles: Public Rituals; Martin Emanue, Oostamera; Mary Fish, Twenty-Eight Days; Andrew Forster, Dominion; Brad Freeman, Program; Hamish Fulton, Camp Fire; Hamish Fulton, Selected Walks, 1969-1989; Anne Gauldin, Cheri Galuke, Sue Maberry, Sisters of Survival Memento Mori; Cheri Gaulke, The Los Angeles: Rivers Inside a River; Janie Geiser, Tornado Treaty; George Gessert, Sky; Sharon Gilbert, Poison America; Sharon Gilbert, Action Poses; Sharon Gilbert, Urgent Life; Sharon Gilbert, Green the Fragile; Edgar Heap of Birds, Sharp Rocks; Donna Henes, Dressing our Wounds in Warm Clothes; Susan Hiller, Rough Sea: 1972-1975; Basia Irland, Endangered Wilderness Series: Rainforest (Black Sand and Turtle Egg Shells) Vol. I; Susan Johanknecht, Hermetic Waste; Lisa Lewenz, View from Three Mile Island, Matthew Liddle, Celestial Address; Richard Long, Richard Long; Richard Long, A Walk Past Standing Stones; Scott McCarney, In Case of Emergency; Richard Minsky, Geography of Hunger: Virginia Mudd, Canticle of the Sun; Bruce Nauman, LA Air, Multiples, Inc.; John Risseeuw, Dance of Death; Christy Rupp, Acid Rain; Edward Ruscha, Every Building on the Sunset Strip; Gaylord Schanilec, Farmers; Peter Schumann, The Same Boat: The Passion of Chico Mendes; Michelle Stuart, The Fall; Claire Van Vliet, The Tower of Babel: An Anthology; Regina Vater, Comigo Ninguem Pode (installation); Karen Wirth, Continental Drifting; Gray Zeitz, Sabbaths; Philip Zimmerman, Interference; Philip Zimmerman, Civil Defense.
Hirsch Farm Project. Mud:
or, How Can Social and Local Histories Be Used as Methods of Conservation?
Nothbrook, IL: Hirsch Farm Project, 1992.
Hirsch Farm Project. Optimism.
Northbrook, Ill. : Hirsch Foundation, 1994.
W.S. Merwin. The Real World of Manuel Cordova. Ninja Press, 1995.
Image source: PBA Galleries
“…a poem about a river, printed as a river, so it becomes a map of a river, on paper that ripples like a river and is as richly colored as water gorged with red Amazonian mud. It is a river of words and a map of the mind, but it is also, first and last, a book, and so the sheet, 15 feet long, folds into something as compact as a Javanese or Tibetan sutra.” Robert Bringhurst. “What the Ink Sings to the Paper” in The Art of the Book in California: Five Contemporary Presses. Stanford University Libraries, 2011, 45. Book is hand-set type Samson Uncial printed letter press in six colors on kakishibu, persimmon-washed smoked handmade paper. Accordian binding; enclosure printed with a map of the world to show the world’s currents drawn by Athanasius Kircher in 1665. Full physical description and images in the catalog, 45-46.
Nannucci, Maurizio. Up
Above the Wor(l)d: A World Guide for Aliens. Firenze: Exempla, 1981.
Neaderland, Louise. Heart of Lightness. [s.l. :s.n.], 1984. (1 folding paper fan, 16 leaves).
Neaderland, Louise Odes. The Killing Machine, Kosovo 1999. [Brooklyn,
N.Y.? : L.O. Neaderland, 1999?].
Neaderland, Louise Odes. The Nuclear Fan. Brooklyn, NY :Bone Hollow Arts, 3rd ed.
1999. (Folding fan, 10 leaves)
Neaderland, Louise Odes. Revelations. New York: Bone Hollow Arts. Revised edition
1996. (1 vol. unpaged)
Neaderland, Louise Odes. The Sound of One Hand Clapping . [S.l.] :L. Neaderland, 1995 ( 1 v. unpaged)
Kelly, Rosie and David Whyte. Lost. [s.l.] : [s.n] 199?]
Nettles, Bea. Seasonal
Turns: Four Accordian Books. [s.l : s.n.], 1998.
Scharf, Kenny. Kenny Scharf,
Jungle Book. Kyoto: Kyoto Shoin, 1989.
Silko, Leslie Marmon. Sacred Water: Narratives and Pictures.
Tuscson, Arizona: Flood Plain Press, 1994. 2nd edition.
Stairs, David. Green.
[s.l. : s.n.] 1993.
Stramaglia, Mark. A Guide
to Going Outdoors. [s.l.]: King Chicken Enterprises [1992?].
Stramaglia, Mark. The
Plasma Vortex: An Oxygen Destroyer. [s.l.] : King Chicken Enterprises,
Valence, Jeffrey. Blinky:
The Friendly Hen. 2nd ed. Santa Moica, CA: Smart Art Press, 1996.
Van Westen, Jeroen. Orbis Terrarum Field Guide. [Netherlands?]:
the artists, 1995
Wirth, Karen. Continental
Drifiting: A Travel Book. [s.l.]: Karen M. Wirth, 1991.